Just a few years ago, search-giant Google was seen as the outsider in a developing smart-phone market when it launched Android, its mobile operating system. Now it controls one of the most powerful platforms, commanding an enviable market share and giving Apple a run for its money. The history of Android is an intriguing story, punctuated by the inventively named versions which have been released along the way.Android 1.0
After a beta version of Android was released in 2007, the first official launch of the platform occurred in September 2008 when it was installed on the T-Mobile G1, also known as the HTC Dream. The Android Market arrived soon after, allowing users to download applications and games direct to their handsets. There are now almost half a million apps available in the Android Market and the growth rate has eclipsed that of Apple’s App Store, with 180,000 individual development teams creating programs for Google’s platform.Android 1.5 Cupcake
The first major update was known as Cupcake, a moniker which began a tradition of Google naming each Android iteration after a sweet foodstuff. The biggest news with this release was the availability of widgets that could be installed on the home screen to provide real-time information in their embedded form. Uploading videos to YouTube and images to Picasa was also made possible.Android 1.6 Donut
By September of 2009, yet another Android update was ready for launch. It offered a variety of improvements, including faster web browsing, better camera features and the option for manufacturers to use higher-resolution touchscreen displays on compatible devices. About 16.4 per cent of registered Android handsets are still running version 1.6 to this day, so its popularity and enduring capabilities should be obvious.
Android 2.0/2.1 Eclair
Business users were appeased with the release of Android Eclair and its incremental improvements between October 2009 and January 2010. Better email support with Exchange functionality, along with improved SMS and MMS searching, made it far easier to use for text-based communication. In addition, the virtual keypad was fitted with a more intelligent autocorrect function. Even the web browser got some attention, with Google providing support for HTML5 content.
Android 2.2 FroYo
Android 2.2 FroYo
The biggest news on the launch of Android 2.2 was that it would be able to run Flash content in the native web browser, something which really set it apart from the competition. Apple went on to completely remove any kind of Flash compatibility from its rival iOS platform. Other tech-friendly features included USB tethering and wi-fi hotspot capabilities, allowing users to turn their Android smart phones into an internet hub to be used by other devices. This perhaps explained why in 2010 around 73 per cent of Android users were male.Android 2.3 Gingerbread
Once again, the resolution of Android displays was increased with 2.3, allowing the Google Nexus S to act as the flagship device for this platform. NFC (Near Filed Communication) chips were also made compatible for contactless payments.Android 3.0 Honeycomb
The first version of Android expressly intended for tablet computers, Honeycomb heralded Google’s attempts to take on the Apple iPad with models such as the Motorola Xoom and Samsung Galaxy Tab.Android 4.0 Ice Cream Sandwich
With all its previous iterations on show, it is clear that Android has become slightly fragmented in just under four years on the market. Android 4.0 intends to be a unifying force, flexible enough to run on the small screens of smart phones and the larger displays of tablets. Android has gone from strength to strength, but this version may well cement its position as market leader.
Guest post by Roxanne P. is a Freelance and Staff writer who writes informative & creative articles on SEO and Technology for various search engine optimisation company. Her expertise are in writing articles related to high speed internet service , SEO, Social media etc.